March 20 2014

linux搭建svn服务器

一,安装必须的软件包.
yum install subversion (SVN服务器)
mysql-server (用于codestriker)
httpd mod_dav_svn mod_perl (用于支持WEB方式管理SVN服务器)
sendmail (用于配置用户提交代码后发邮件提醒)
wget gcc-c++ make unzip perl* (必备软件包)
ntsysv vim-enhanced (可选)

二,基本的SVN服务器配置
1,新建一个目录用于存储SVN所有文件
# mkdir /home/svn

2,新建一个版本仓库
# svnadmin create /home/svn/project

3,初始化版本仓库中的目录
# mkdir project project/server project/client project/test (建立临时目录)
# svn import project/ file:///home/svn/project -m “初始化SVN目录”
# rm -rf project (删除临时建立的目录)

4,添加用户
要添加SVN用户非常简单,只需在/home/svn/project/conf/passwd文件添加一个形如“username=password”的条目就可以了.为了测试,我添加了如下内容:
[users]
# harry = harryssecret
# sally = sallyssecret
pm = pm_pw
server_group = server_pw
client_group = client_pw
test_group = test_pw

5,修改用户访问策略
/home/svn/project/conf/authz记录用户的访问策略,以下是参考:
[groups]
project_p = pm
project_s = server_group
project_c = client_group
project_t = test_group

[project:/]
@project_p = rw
* =

[project:/server]
@project_p = rw
@project_s = rw
* =

[project:/client]
@project_p = rw
@project_c = rw
* =

[project:/doc]
@project_p = rw
@project_s = rw
@project_c = rw
@project_t = rw
* =
以上信息表示,只有pm有根目录的读写权,server_group能访问server目录,client_group能访问client目录,所有人都可以访问doc目录.

6,修改svnserve.conf文件,让用户和策略配置升效.
svnserve.conf内容如下:
[general]
anon-access = none
auth-access = write
password-db = /home/svn/project/conf/passwd
authz-db = /home/svn/project/conf/authz

7,启动服务器
# svnserve -d -r /home/svn

8,测试服务器
# svn co svn://192.168.60.10/project
Authentication realm: <svn://192.168.60.10:3690> 92731041-2dae-4c23-97fd-9e1ed7f0d18d
Password for ‘root’:
Authentication realm: <svn://192.168.60.10:3690> 92731041-2dae-4c23-97fd-9e1ed7f0d18d
Username: server_group
Password for ‘server_group’:
svn: Authorization failed ( server_group没用根目录的访问权 )

# svn co svn://192.168.60.10/project
Authentication realm: <svn://192.168.60.10:3690> 92731041-2dae-4c23-97fd-9e1ed7f0d18d
Password for ‘root’:
Authentication realm: <svn://192.168.60.10:3690> 92731041-2dae-4c23-97fd-9e1ed7f0d18d
Username: pm
Password for ‘pm’:
A    project/test
A    project/server
A    project/client
Checked out revision 1.  ( 测试提取成功 )

# cd project/server
# vim main.c
# svn add main.c
# svn commit main.c -m “测试一下我的C程序,看什么看,不行啊??”
Adding         main.c
Transmitting file data .
Committed revision 2.  ( 测试提交成功 )

三,配置SVN服务器的HTTP支持
1,转换SVN服务器的密码
由于SVN服务器的密码是明文的,HTTP服务器不与支持,所以需要转换成HTTP支持的格式。我写了一个Perl脚本完成这个工作.
脚本内容如下:
# cd /home/svn/project/conf/
# cat PtoWP.pl
#!/usr/bin/perl
# write by huabo, 2009-11-20

use warnings;
use strict;

#open the svn passwd file
open (FILE, “passwd”) or die (“Cannot open the passwd file!!!\n”);

#clear the apache passwd file
open (OUT_FILE, “>webpasswd”) or die (“Cannot open the webpasswd file!!!\n”);
close (OUT_FILE);

#begin
foreach (<FILE>) {
if($_ =~ m/^[^#].*=/) {
$_ =~ s/=//;
`htpasswd -b webpasswd $_`;
}
}

# ./PtoWP.pl ( 先给该脚本加可执行权限,然后执行以转换密码 )
Adding password for user pm
Adding password for user server_group
Adding password for user client_group
Adding password for user test_group
现在目录下会多一个webpasswd文件。

2,修改httpd.conf,添加关于SVN服务器的内容
编辑/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf,在最后添加如下信息:
<Location /project>
DAV svn
SVNPath /home/svn/project/
AuthType Basic
AuthName “svn for project”
AuthUserFile /home/svn/project/conf/webpasswd
AuthzSVNAccessFile /home/svn/project/conf/authz
Satisfy all
Require valid-user
</Location>

3,启动HTTPD服务器
# service httpd restart
Stopping httpd:                                            [FAILED]
Starting httpd:                                            [  OK  ]

4,用浏览器访问http://192.168.60.10/project/server/测试

 

四,配置邮件提醒支持
1,安装Perl模块Module::Build
# wget http://search.cpan.org/CPAN/authors/id/D/DA/DAGOLDEN/Module-Build-0.36_11.tar.gz
# tar xvf Module-Build-0.36_11.tar.gz
# cd Module-Build-0.36_11
# perl Build.PL
# ./Build
# ./Build test
# ./Build install
# cd ..

2,安装Perl模块Authen::SASL
# wget http://search.cpan.org/CPAN/authors/id/G/GB/GBARR/Authen-SASL-2.15.tar.gz
# tar xvf Authen-SASL-2.15.tar.gz
# cd Authen-SASL-2.15
# perl Makefile.PL
# make test
# make install
# cd ..

3,安装Perl模块Net::SMTP_auth
# wget http://search.cpan.org/CPAN/authors/id/A/AP/APLEINER/Net-SMTP_auth-0.08.tar.gz
# tar xvf Net-SMTP_auth-0.08.tar.gz
# cd Net-SMTP_auth-0.08
# perl Makefile.PL
# make test
# make install
# cd ..

4,安装Perl模块SVN::Notify
# wget http://search.cpan.org/CPAN/authors/id/D/DW/DWHEELER/SVN-Notify-2.80.tar.gz
# tar xvf SVN-Notify-2.80.tar.gz
# cd SVN-Notify-2.80
# perl Build.PL
# ./Build
# ./Build test
# ./Build install
# cd ..

5,启动邮件服务器
# service sendmail restart
Shutting down sendmail:                                    [FAILED]
Starting sendmail:                                         [  OK  ]
Starting sm-client:                                        [  OK  ]

6,配置自动发邮件脚本
修改post-commit脚本,以支持邮件通知功能.
# cd /home/svn/project/hooks/
# vim post-commit
内容如下:
#!/bin/sh
REPOS=”$1″
REV=”$2″

/usr/bin/svnnotify –repos-path “$1” –revision “$2” –to caodaijun@pica.com –from caodaijun@feinno.com –handler “HTML::ColorDiff”  –with-diff –smtp localhost –smtp-user root –smtp-pass 5201314318 -c “UTF-8″ -g zh_CN -o raw –svnlook /usr/bin/svnlook –subject-prefix ‘[SVN Update]’
(to参数代表接收邮件的地址,可以有多个,当你有多个老大的时候,这就很重要了,:)。from参数是虚拟的,代表你的发送地址,一般情况下,这个参数 不重要,但如果接收者的邮件服务器有反垃圾邮件的功能,需要判定源地址的话,这个参数是否合法就显得很重要了)
再给该脚本添加可执行权限
# chmod +x post-commit

 

五,其它常用配置
1,强制写log脚本
配置pre-commit文件,要求用户每次更新文件都必须写log.
# cd /home/svn/project/hooks/
# vim pre-commit
文件内容如下:
#!/bin/sh
REPOS=”$1″
TXN=”$2”
SVNLOOK=/usr/bin/svnlook
LOGMSG=`$SVNLOOK log -t “$TXN” “$REPOS” | grep “[a-zA-Z0-9]” | wc -c`
if [ “$LOGMSG” -lt 5(要求的log长度,依实际需要修改) ];
then
echo -e “\nEmpty log message not allowed. Commit aborted!” 1>&2
exit 1
fi

配置完成后,给本件加上可执行权限。再提交代码时,就必须按要求写注释了,:)

2,可修改log脚本
配置pre-revprop-change文件,此文件在show log中修改log时会运行,得到修改的权限,否则会报错:DAV request failed; it’s possible that the repository’s pre-revprop-change hook either failed or is non-existent. At least one property change failed; repository is unchanged
# cd /home/svn/project/hooks/
# vim pre-revprop-change
文件内容如下:
REPOS=”$1″
REV=”$2″
USER=”$3″
PROPNAME=”$4″
if [“$PROPNAME” = “svn:log”];then exit 0;fi
exit 1

配置完后加可执行权限升效。

六,备份管理
svn服务器的定期备份是很重要的,最简单的方式是定时备份仓库目录。
1,新建备份目录
# mkdir /opt/project_backup

2,编写备份脚本
# cd /home/svn/
# vim project_backup.sh

内容如下:
#!/bin/bash
#write by huabo, 2009-11-20

cd /home/svn
now=`/bin/date +%Y%m%d`
/bin/tar czvf “project_backup_$now.tar.gz” project/ && rm -rf /opt/project_backup/* && /bin/mv project_backup_*.tar.gz /opt/project_backup/
if [ $? == 0 ]
then
result=”OK!!”
else
result=”False!!”
fi

#send mail to administrator
/bin/mail caodaijun@pica.com -s “project_backup_$now” <<MESSAGE
Result: `/bin/echo $result`
MESSAGE

给该脚本添加可执行权限。

3,设定每天定时执行该脚本.
# crontab -e
输入如下内容:
0 23 * * * /home/svn/project_backup.sh
表示每天晚上23点运行此脚本。

经过以上三步操作,就可以自动备份SVN资料了,且不论备份是否成功,都会给用户发送邮件信息。

七,用svnstat分析SVN数据.
1,安装JAVA
svnstat是JAVA应用程序,需要先安装JAVA环境。
下载jre,URL: http://javadl.sun.com/webapps/download/AutoDL?BundleId=39484
安装:
# chmod +x jre-6u20-linux-i586-rpm.bin
# ./jre-6u20-linux-i586-rpm.bin

2,下载svnstat
# wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/svnstat/svnstat/Release-1.0/SvnStat-1.0.zip?use_mirror=jaist
# unzip SvnStat-1.0.zip

3,更新代码
# pwd
/root

# svn co svn://192.168.60.10/project
A    project/test
A    project/server
A    project/server/main.c
A    project/client
Checked out revision 5.

4,生成svnstat数据
# svn log project -v –xml –non-interactive > project.log
# cd SvnStat-1.0
# java -classpath SvnStat-all.jar de.agentlab.svnstat.SvnStat -jar SvnStat-all.jar -r /root/project.log -d /var/www/html/

 

八,用statsvn分析SVN数据
1,下载statsvn
# wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/statsvn/statsvn/0.7.0/statsvn-0.7.0.zip?use_mirror=jaist
# unzip statsvn-0.7.0.zip
# cd statsvn-0.7.0

2,生成statsvn数据
# mkdir /var/www/html/statsvn
# java -jar statsvn.jar -verbose -output-dir /var/www/html/statsvn/ /root/project.log /root/project

 

九,配置codestriker.
1.安装codestriker依赖的perl包.
# perl -MCPAN -e ‘install “Template”‘

2.下载codestriker
# wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/codestriker/codestriker/1.9.10/codestriker-1.9.10.tar.gz?use_mirror=jaist&ts=1279246587
# mkdir /var/www/codestriker
# cd /var/www/codestriker
# tar xvf /path/codestriker-1.9.10.tar.gz
# chown -R apache.apache codestriker-1.9.10

3.配置数据库
# service mysqld restart
# mysql -uroot mysql
执行:
CREATE DATABASE codestrikerdb CHARACTER SET utf8;
GRANT SELECT,INSERT,UPDATE,DELETE,INDEX,ALTER,CREATE,DROP,REFERENCES ON codestrikerdb.* TO codestriker@localhost IDENTIFIED BY ‘cspasswd’;
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
quit

4.配置codestriker
# cd codestriker-1.9.10/
# vim codestriker.conf
注意以下几点(详细可查看codestriker的安装文档)
a.数据库的用户名密码要配对
b.svn的数据仓库要配对,我的如下:
@valid_repositories =
(
‘svn:file:///home/svn/project’,
)

5.执行codestriker的安装脚本
# cd bin/
# ./install.pl

6.配置http支持
# vim /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
在最后面加上如下内容:
Alias /codestriker/  /var/www/codestriker/codestriker-1.9.10/cgi-bin/
Alias /codestrikerhtml/  /var/www/codestriker/codestriker-1.9.10/html/

<Directory “/var/www/codestriker/codestriker-1.9.10/cgi-bin/”>
SetHandler perl-script
PerlHandler ModPerl::Registry
Options +ExecCGI
</Directory>

<Directory “/var/www/codestriker/codestriker-1.9.10/html/”>
AllowOverride None
Allow from all
</Directory>

7.重启HTTP服务器
# service httpd restart

8.在浏览器中输入http://192.168.60.10/codestriker/codestriker.pl即可访问



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Posted 2014年3月20日 by ucjmh in category "linux

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